Question Bank class 11th English solution 2023| 11वी अँग्रेजी प्रश्न बैंक संपूर्ण हल
Mp Board Class 11th english Question bank solution
CLASS – XI
SUBJECT – ENGLISH
Question – Bank
Class – 11th
Year – 2022-23
Subject – English
Section-A Reading Comprehension
Q.1 Read the following passage and answer the questions given below- (1×10=10) 10 marks Passage-1
Academics has always been an essential part of human development. It prepares us to survive in the outside world and establish an identity of our own. But, is an individual’s development restricted to merely academics? In India, from an early age, we have been taught that education is limited to the boundaries of academics only; the idea of getting out into the field, for gaining practical experience, is always considered a hoax. This has hindered students’ development. But the truth is that education represents a considerably broader field than we know of it. Our teaching, from the basics, has been focused on getting good grades and job offers, rather than being creative and unique.
In the 21stcentury, the pure academic type of education is slowly paving way for a whole new type. The paradigm shift in the whole education system is evident. People have now come to understand that education is a 360degree activity that should focus on students’ overall development, rather than restricting him/her to the classroom.
Co-curricular activities that take place outside the classroom but reinforce or supplement classroom curriculum, in some way, have become a point of focus today. These activities help in the growth of the child, in more than one way. Participating in such activities helps youngsters grow mentally, socially and individually. Intellectual development of a student is developed in the classroom, but for the aesthetic development such as team- building, character- building, and physical growth, students must step out into the outside world. For instance, if a student is a part of school football team, he/ she will learn team- work and coordination, in a practical manner, which cannot be taught in the class.
(i) What is an essential part of human development?
(a) identity (b) experience (c) academics (d) curriculum
(ii) What is considered a hoax?
(a)academics (b) education (c) practical experience (d) coordination (iii) What has hindered students’ development?
(a)working in outside world
(b)learning team work
(c)gaining practical experience
(d) limiting education to boundaries of academics
(iv) The shift in education system means-
(a) to restrict classroom activities
(b) to ignore 360-degree development
(c) to focus on overall development
(d) to develop academics only
(v) Which of the following is similar in meaning to the word ‘hoax’-
(a) truth (b) untrue (c) unmask
(vi) Which activities have become a point of focus today? (a) classroom activities (b)academic activities
(c)teaching activities (d) co-curricular activities (vii)Why must students step out into the outside world?
(a) to see the world (b)for physical development
(c) for aesthetic development (d) for mental development (viii)The time period of 100 years is- (d) uncover
(a)decade (b) century (c) millennium
ix) Which of the following is the correct antonym of ‘unique’- (d) anniversary
(a) rare (b)common (c) special (d) unusual
x) Classroom teaching provides-
(a) practical exposure (b)chance to learn other skills
(c)the foundation (d) limitless opportunities for development
Passage – 2
Marie Curie was one of the most accomplished scientists in history. Together with her husband, Pierre, she discovered radium, an element widely used for treating cancer, and studied uranium and other radioactive substances. Pierre and Marie’s amicable collaboration later helped to unlock the secrets of the atom.
Marie was born in 1867 in Warsaw, Poland, where her father was a professor of physics. At an early age, she displayed a brilliant mind and a blithe personality. Her great exuberance for learning prompted her to continue with her studies after high school. She became disgruntled, however, when she learned that the university in Warsaw was closed to women. Determined to receive a higher education, she defiantly left Poland and in 1891 entered the Sorbonne, a French university, where she earned her master’s degree and doctorate in physics.
Marie was fortunate to have studied at the Sorbonne with some of the greatest scientists of her day, one of whom was Pierre Curie. Marie and Pierre were married in 1895 and spent many productive years working together in the physics laboratory. A short time after they discovered radium, Pierre was killed by a horse-drawn wagon in 1906. Marie was stunned by this horrible misfortune and endured heart breaking anguish. Despondently she recalled their close relationship and the joy that they had shared in scientific research. The fact that she had two young daughters to raise by herself greatly increased her distress.
Curie’s feeling of desolation finally began to fade when she was asked to succeed her husband as a physics professor at the Sorbonne. She was the first woman to be given a professorship at the worldfamous university. In 1911 she received the Nobel Prize in chemistry for isolating radium. Although Marie Curie eventually suffered a fatal illness from her long exposure to radium, she never became disillusioned about her work. Regardless of the consequences, she had dedicated herself to science and to revealing the mysteries of the physical world.
(i)The Curies’ _________ collaboration helped to unlock the secrets of the atom.
(a) friendly(b) competitive(c) courteous(d) industrious
(ii) Marie had a bright mind and a ______ personality. (a) strong(b) light hearted(c) humorous(d) envious iv) When she learned that she could not attend the university in Warsaw, she felt _________.
(a) hopeless(b) annoyed(c)depressed(d)worried (v) Which element is widely used for treating cancer?
(vi) Why was Marie awarded the Nobel Prize?
(vii) Where did she earn her master’s degree and doctorate in physics?
(viii) Give the noun form of ‘desolate’.
(ix) How was Pierre killed?
(x) Whom did she succeed as a physics professor at the Sorbonne?
Class 11 English prshn bank solution 2023
Cardamom, the queen of all spices, has a history as old as the human race. It is the dried fruit of a herbaceous perennial plant. Warm humid climate, loamy soil rich in organic matter, distributed rainfall and special cultivation and processing methods all combine to make Indian cardamom truly unique in aroma, flavour, size and it has a parrot green colour.
Two types of cardamom are produced in India. The first type is the large one, which has not much significance as it is not traded in the future market. It is cultivated in north-eastern area of the country. The second type is produced in the southern states and these are traded in the future market. These are mainly cultivated in Kerala, Tamil Nādu and Karnataka. As per the future market rules, only 7 mm quality was previously traded in exchanges. But later, it relaxed its norms and now 6 mm quality is also traded in the exchanges.
Cardamom is an expensive spice, secondly to saffron. Indian cardamom is known in two main varieties: Malabar cardamon and Mysore cardamom. The Mysore variety contains leaves of cineol, limonene and hence is more aromatic. India is the world’s largest producer and exporter emerged as the leading producer and exporter of cardamom.
The main harvest season of cardamom in India is between August-February. Cardamom reaches at yielding stage two years after the plantation. The primary physical markets of cardamom are Kumily Vanden Modu, Jhekkady, Puliyarmala in Kerala and Bodynaikkaur and Cumbum in Tamil Nādu.
Kerala is the main producer of cardamom and contributes upto 60% in total production. Karnataka produces around 25% of the total production cardamom. Ooty is the main producer of cardamom in Tamilnadu and contributes around 10-15% of the total production. Besides India, Guatemala also produces around 1,000-2,000-ton cardamom per year. Due to low quality of cardamom from Guatemala, it remains available at cheaper rates.
(i)Mysore variety contains leaves of :
(a) Limonene(b) Cineol(c) Both (a) and (b)(d) None of these
(ii)Indian Cardamom is:
(a) poor in quality(b) average in quality(c) better in quality(d) none of these iii) Guatemala produces cardamom :
(a) more but poor in quality(b) less but good in quality (c) more and good in quality(d) less and poor in quality (iv)Main harvest season of cardamom in India is :
(a) August-February(b) August-March(c) November(d) February-April (v)Cardamom reaches at its yielding stage in :
(a) Immediately after plantation (b) depends upon the plantation
(c) one year after plantation(d) two years after plantation
(vi) India produces cardamom of
(a) one type(b) two types(c) three types(d) none of the above (vii)Which of the following is the variety of Indian cardamom?
(a) Malabar cardamom (b) Mysore cardamom (c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of the above
(viii)Which of the following is the production of cardamom by Karnataka?
(a) 25%(b) 10%(c) 15%(d) 60%
(ix) Find the antonym of the word ‘cheap’.
(a) expensive(b) moderate(c) common(d) reasonable
(x)The synonym of the word ‘fragrance’ – (a) aroma(b) variety(c) stale (d) stinking Passage-4
Many people believe that science and religion are contrary to each other. But his notation is wrong. As a matter of fact, both are correlated to each other. There is no doubt that the method of science and religion are different.
The method of science is observation, experimentation and experience. Science takes it recourse to progressive march towards perfection. The rules of religion are faith, intuition and spoken word of the enlightened. In general, while science is inclined towards reason and rationality, spiritualism is the essence of religion.
In earlier times when man appeared on Earth, he was over-awed at the sight of violent and powerful aspects of nature. In certain cases, the usefulness of different natural objects of nature overwhelmed man. Thus began the worship of forces of nature — fire, the sun, the rivers, the rocks, the trees, the snakes etc. The holy scriptures were written by those who had developed harmony between external nature and their inner self. Their objective was to ennoble, elevate and liberate the human spirit and mind. But the priestly class took upon itself the monopoly of scriptural knowledge and interpretation to its own advantage.
Thus, the entire human race was in chains. Truth was flouted and progressive, liberal and truthful ideas or ideas expressing doubt and scepticism were suppressed and their holders punished. It was in these trying circumstances the science emerged as a saviour of mankind. But its path was not smooth and safe. The scientists and free thinkers were tortured. This was the fate of Copernicus, Galileo, Bruno and others. But side by side science gained ground.
I)What is the reasons for man worship the forces of nature?
(a) The holy scriptures advocate the worship of forces of nature.
(b) The worship elevates and liberates the human spirit and mind.
(c) The worship makes man believe in faith and intuition. (d) Forces of nature teach us spiritualism.
ii)According to the passage science and religion both:
(a) Emerged out of the fear of man
(b) Emerged from the desire of man to worship the forces of nature
(c) Employee different methods of enquiry
(d) work at the cross-purpose of each other
(iii)What was the objective of the authors of the holy scriptures?
(a) To teach man the methods of worshipping nature
(b) To educate and raise the human spirit and mind
(c) To develop harmony between external nature and their inner self
(d) None of these
(iv)According to the passage, at present juncture there is a need to: (a) free man from all sorts of bondages
(b) judiciously mix the principles of science and true spirit of religion
(c) teach people to worship the forces of nature
(d) encourage spiritualism as much as possible
(v)Why it is said in the passage that, “science emerged as a saviour of mankind?” (a) Science takes recourse to progressive march towards perfection.
(b) Science is inclined towards reason and rationality.
(c) Man was bound in chains by religious orthodoxy.
(d) The free thinkers and enlightened men were tortured.
(vi)Truth was –
(a) flouted(b) progressive(c) both (a) and (b) (d) none of these (vii)Find the synonym of the word ‘belief’.
(a) observation(b) experience(c) faith(d) enlightened (viii)Find the synonym of the word ‘show up’. (a) appear(b) scripture(c) developed(d) usefulness ix)Find the antonym of the word ‘non contradictory’.
(a) different(b) same(c) common(d) contrary
x)Find the antonym of the word ‘retrogression’.
(a) flout(b) progress(c) truth(d) liberal Passage-5
The song of birds is one of the loveliest sounds in nature. Sometimes when we are out in the country and we hear birds singing, it seems to us they are calling back and forth, that they are telling one another something. The fact is that birds do communicate with one another, just as many other animals do. Of course, at times the sounds birds make are more expressions of joy, just as we may make cries of ‘Oh!’ and ‘Ah!’. But for the most part, the sounds that birds make are attempts at communication. A mother hen makes sounds that warns her children of danger and causes them to crouch down motionless. Then she gives another call which collects them together. When wild birds migrate at night, they cry out. These cries may keep the birds together and help lost ones return to the flock. But the language of birds is different from language as we use it. We use words to express ideas and these words have to be learned. Birds don’t learn their language. It is an inborn instinct with them. In one experiment, for example, chicks were Kept-away, from cocks and hens so they could not bear the sounds they made. Yet when they grew up they were able to make those sounds just as well as chicks that had grown up with cocks and hens! This does not mean that birds can’t learn how to sing. In fact some birds can learn the songs of other birds. This is how the mocking bird gets its name.
I)In nature, one of the loveliest sounds is:
(a) the sound of film song
(b) the roar of a lion
(c) the song of a crow
(d) the song of birds
ii) When wild birds migrate at night, they cry out:
(a) to keep them warm
(b) to keep the birds together
(c) to keep the enemy away
(d) to keep the young lings tight (iii)We human beings use words:
(a) to express ideas
(b) to express meanings
(c) to express other’s speech
(d) to express talent
(iv)Birds don’t learn their language as:
(a) It is tough to learn.
(b) It is only a quality with human.
(c) It is an inborn instinct with them.
(d) It is developed with extra intelligence.
(v)The noun form of ‘mocking is:
(a) mock(c) mockery(b) mockingly(d) mocked
(vi) The sounds of birds are an attempt to-
(a) to sing a song(b) to communicate(c) to fly(d) to start a meeting (vii) Which of the following has the similar meaning of ‘a group of birds?
(a) banish(b) flock(c) apart(d) herd
(viii) Which of these is the main idea of the above passage?
(a) importance of nature
(b) necessity of sounds of birds
(c) importance of sounds of birds
(d) importance of ecosystem
(ix) Why does a mother hen make sounds?
(a) to feed her chicks
(b) to protect her chicks
(c) to gather her chicks
(d) both (b) and (c)
(x) Which of the following is true about the birds?
(a) They learn making sounds by themselves.
(b) They know how to communicate with humans.
(c) They can learn sounds of other birds.
(d) both (a) and (c)
Ants are common insects. There are more than 12,000 kinds in the world. They are born, and live and work in a colony with many other ants. An ant goes through four stages of development: egg, larva, pupa/cocoon and adult. An ant egg is about the size of a period at the end of a sentence. An egg is kidneyshaped and soft. It has a sticky surface. It can clump together with other eggs. This allows a group of eggs to be carried away quickly if danger occurs. Some eggs don’t survive because they are eaten by other ants.
The ant egg cells divide for 7-14 days and a larva appears. The larva will shed its skin about 3 times. It eats constantly. It will get bigger each time it sheds. The larva sucks up the liquids from the food brought to it. Sometimes adult ants eat food and spit it up for the larva. The larva will also get hairier. It will have hooked-like hairs. These hairs allow groups of them to be picked up and carried like the eggs. A larva doesn’t have any feet. It can bend a little towards food. Some types can also move along. About 25 days later a larva changes into a pupa.
Like other insects, ants have jointed legs, three body parts, and two antennae. The three body parts are covered by an exoskeleton. An exoskeleton is a skeleton located on the outside of their body. An ant’s head contains its brain. It also holds two compound eyes, and pharynx (the start of the digestive system). The antennae are attached to the head, too. The mandibles (jaws) on his head can bite and chew food.
Three kinds of ants live in a colony. Queens are ants who lay the eggs for the whole colony. They are bigger than other ants. They were fed more as larvae. They have wings. If a queen should die, the whole colony falls apart. There is no one to produce new ants. Female worker ants do not have wings. They gather food, clean and take care of the young ants. The male ants only help in reproduction and do not work.
(i) An ant goes through following stages of development- (a)two (b) three (c) four (d)none of these
(ii) A larva does not have any feet. (True/ False)
(iii) Which of these is located on the head-
(a)Thorax (b) abdomen (c)mandible(d) pharynx
(iv) Which of the following statements is NOT true?
(a)An ant’s brain is in the thorax. (b)The thorax is the chest area.
(c)Ants don’t have lungs. (d) Queens lay eggs for the whole colony.
(v) Which of the following is the best description of an ant’s egg?
(a) It has a hard layer outside. (b)It is soft and sticky.
(c) It is circular. (d)It is the size of the nail of a little finger.
(vi) An ant egg is about the size of-
(a) a ball (b) a period at the end of the sentence (c) a hen’s egg (d)none of these (vii) Which of the following is the purpose of the Female worker ants?
(a) to do all of the work(b) to gather food(c) to take care of new ants(d)all of these
(viii) What happens if a queen should die-
(a) eggs will die (b) larvae will die (c) New ants are not produced (d) other ants will die (ix) Which of these has similar meaning of ‘clump’? (a) individual (b)group (c) one (d)none of these (x) How does an ant chew and bite?
(a) with teeth (b) with pharynx (c) with mandibles (d) none of these Passage-7
Shyam Prashad Rajasekaran, a young entrepreneur (who is the founder of Veg route) says that his thought behind the formation of Veg route is to encourage farmers and help them get economical prices for their produce. Veg route is an app which helps farmers to connect directly with customers without any mediators. This helps farmers to get the right price for their crop and this also helps customers. In addition to this Customer always demand for the fresh and best quality products which is also satisfied with the help of this app.
And Shyam Prasad came up with this idea as he could see the difficulty faced by the farmers in his own family, as his grandparents were also farmers. In 2020, during covid pandemic Shyam observed how farmers are getting affected due to pandemic and he started to work upon it and learnt more about their problems. As a part of that, he went to Coimbatore and met a few farmers. Firstly, he discussed problems faced with these farmers and decided to create an impact on agricultural technology. So, he started Veg route in July 2020 with his friend Anand Alagarsamy. Secondly, he started the company with 23 customers and now it has developed over 1500 farmers who have become a part of Veg route. Including Coimbatore, Veg route now is functioning in 6 more districts. They are Chennai, Madurai, Tirupur, Tuticorin, Bengaluru, and Goa. It is soon planning to get launched in Kanyakumari, Mumbai, Nashik, Hyderabad, Virudhunagar, and Delhi (NCR).
Veg Route is an app in which agro products are taken from a direct farm place, given to the customer with the fresh produce, and immediate cash provided to farmers. The main concept behind founding Veg route is to eradicate the middleman concept in the supply process. This company goes directly to the farm, checks the quality and delivers them freshly to the customers. This startup company is also planning to employ nearly 100 transgender women, as a part to uplift their community. Perhaps the Veg route has been a good source of employment and created employment opportunities for many unemployed individuals. Finally last month, this startup raised over $125,000 from a fintech startup company.
(i) How did Shyam prasad help farmers?
(a) by giving funds (b) by educating farmers (c) by making an app (d) by removing social evils (ii) Why did Shyam Prasad go to Coimbatore?
(a) to see the city (b) to meet his friends (c) to meet farmers (d) to visit farms (iii) How did Shyam Prasad come up with the idea of Veg route?
(a)when he witnessed difficulties faced by farmers in his family
(b) when he saw effects of pandemic on farmers
(c) both(a) and (b) (d) when he saw profit in selling agro products (iv)What is Veg route?
(a) It is a road for farmers. (b) It is an entertainment app.
(c) It is an app for farmers. (d) It is a shop.
(v) What is the purpose behind Veg route?
(a) to help customers (b) to help farmers (c) to motivate farmers (d)to help new businessmen (vi) What do you understand about start-ups?
(a) a company in initial stage(b) a fully grown company (c) a bunch of companies (d) none of these (vii)How does the Veg route work?
(a) no middleman
(b) the customer gets fresh farm products
(c) farmers get instant cash (d) all of these
(viii) Which of these has the same meaning of the word ‘entrepreneur’? (a) agent (b) clerk (c) a business person (d) company person (ix)Write synonyms for fresh.
(a) old (b) stale (c) common(d) new
(x) The passage is about-
(a) an app Veg route (b) Shyam Prasad (c) a start-up (d) all of these Passage-8
According to fitness experts, if you think muscles are just for gym enthusiasts, think again! Latest research conducted at the University of Texas in the US says that a 30-minute workout a day could turn you into a genius. We show you five ways how working out can make smarter. Says fitness expert, “Exercise improves your mood. It works as an antidepressant and thus helps lift your mood instantly. Apart from this, it also helps you to concentrate on things that do on a daily basis. So, working out on a daily basis can actually make you smarter and more confident about yourself.”
Did you know the more you move, the more energised you feel? Well, we all think that moving around too much or exercising a lot can make you feel tired and dizzy. But regular activity improves your muscle strength and boosts your endurance. It gives you the energy to think clearer and come up with new ideas. If you move around for a good 15 minutes, it will make your body produce more energy at the cellular level. An author said exercise improves your brain in the short term by raising your focus for two to three hours afterwards. For example, if you have a presentation to make at work or have to make a speech, try to work out an hour before. It is believed that you will be at your peak when you perform.
Exercise is known to trigger endorphins, which improve the functioning of your brain. Thus, after you’ve exercised, your ability to sort out priorities improves, allowing you to block out distractions in life and also concentrate better on the tasks at hand.
Do you know that your brain retains more when your body is active? In an experiment published in a journal, students were asked to memorise a string of letters and were then allowed to run, lift weights or sit quietly. The students who worked out were more accurate with their answers than those who chose to sit quietly after memorising.
Have you ever heard of the saying, ‘If you want something done, give it to the busy person.’ When you’re productive and efficient, you are bound to succeed. It is also said that workers who exercise once midday between working hours, tend to contribute more than what others do. They are also more productive at work.
(i) How does exercise improve muscle strength?
(a)by raising our focus(b) by making us healthy (c) by boosting endurance(d) by regular activity (ii) (b) How does our focus sharpens?
(a) through making a speech(b) through working out an hour before an important task (c) through pumping of blood (d) through brain ageing (iii) What does endorphins improve?
(a)functioning of brain(b) blocking distractions(c) increasing concentration(d) all of these (iv) How is memory improved?
(a) by sitting quietly(b) by memorizing notes(c) by regular work out(d) by eating junk food (v) What does the word ‘endurance’ in the passage mean? (a) creation(b) tiredness(c) ability to continue(d) power (vi) What is the main idea of the passage?
(a) Importance of productivity (b)Importance of physical exercise C) Importance of priorities (d) all the above
(vii) Which of the following is true about the passage?
(a) Exercise makes a person young. (b) Exercise keeps a person active. (c) Exercise improves memory. (d) both (b) and (c) (viii) How can we get our work done?
(a) by work out (b) by exercise (C) by an active and productive person (d)none of these distractions
(ix) Which of these is the correct synonym of the word ‘distraction’?
(a) disturbance (b) divergent(C) dimension (d)concentration
(x) “It is believed that you will be at your peak when you perform.”
Which of the following gives the correct meaning of the underlined word in the above sentence?
(a) top of mountain (b) highest point (C) specific time (d) maximum
Q.2 Read the following passage and make notes on the basis of your comprehension of the passage. Give a suitable title. 4 marks
Despite all the research every one of us catches a cold and most of us catch it frequently. Our failure to control one of the commonest of all ailments sometimes seems ridiculous. Medical science regularly practices transplant surgery and has rid whole countries of such fatal diseases as Typhus and the Plague. But the problem of the common cold is unusually difficult and much has yet to be done to solve it.
It is known that a cold is caused by one of a number of viral infections that affect the lining of the nose and other passages leading to the lungs but the confusing variety of viruses makes study and remedy very difficult. It was shown in 1960 that many typical colds in adults are caused by one or the other of a family of viruses known as rhinoviruses, yet there still remain many colds for which no virus has as yet been isolated. There is also the difficulty that because they are so much smaller than the bacteria which cause many other infections, viruses cannot be seen with ordinary microscopes.
I remember my childhood as being generally happy and can recall experiencing some of the most carefree times of my life. But I can also remember, even more vividly, moments of being deeply frightened. As a child, I was truly -terrified of the dark and getting lost. These fears were very real and caused me some extremely uncomfortable moments.
Maybe it was the strange way things looked and sounded in my familiar room at night that scared me so much. There was never total darkness, but a street light or passing car lights made clothes hung over a chair take on the shape of an unknown beast. Out of the corner of my eye, I saw curtains move when there was no breeze. A tiny creak in the floor would sound a hundred times louder than in the daylight and my imagination would take over, creating burglars and monsters. Darkness always made me feel helpless. My heart would pound and I would lie very still so that ‘the enemy’ wouldn’t discover me.
Another childhood fear of mine was that I would get lost, especially on the way home from school. Every morning, I got on the school bus right near my home—that was no problem. After school, though, when all the buses were lined up along the curve, I was terrified that I would get on the wrong one and be taken to some unfamiliar neighbourhood. I would scan the bus for the faces of my friends, make sure that the bus driver was the same one that had been there in the morning, and even then, ask the others over and over again to be sure I was in the right bus.
Conversation is indeed the most easily teachable of all arts. All you need to do in order to become a good conversationalist is to find a subject that interests you and your listeners. There are, for example, numberless hobbies to talk about. But the important
thing is that you must talk about other fellow’s hobby rather than your own. Therein lies the secret of your popularity. Talk to your friends about the things that interest them, and you will get a reputation for good fellowship, charming wit, and a brilliant mind. There is nothing that pleases people so much as your interest in their interest.
It is just as important to know what subjects to avoid and what subjects to select for good conversation. If you don’t want to be set down as a wet blanket or a bore, be careful to avoid certain unpleasant subjects. Avoid talking about yourself, unless you are asked to do so. People are interested in their own problems not in yours. Sickness or death bores everybody. The only one who willingly listens to such talk is the doctor, but he gets paid for it.
This isn’t a mountain region of mere subjective beauty. Nor one, which claims its greatness, based on just an overwhelming opinion of a large majority. For Sikkim is a treasure that few know about. However, the facts of its remarkable geography bear enough testimony to pitch Sikkim in a slot that no other mountain region, anywhere in the world, could duplicate or rival. What Everest is to peaks, Sikkim is to the mountains. Tragically, a region so wild and exotic and with such geographic and climatic extremes, with its amazing wilds and not its unremarkable hill stations, ensure its accessibility to the adventurous only.
Just delve on these facts a bit. From the plains, in a mere 80 km as the crow flies, the altitude reaches 28,168 feet at the very top of Kanchenjunga, the third highest peak in the world. Such a sharp elevation is unrivalled anywhere else and is the first geographical claim of Sikkim.
The second is an offshoot of the first. Nowhere else do so many 7,000 metre plus peaks crowd up in such a confined space. And the third is really a consequence of the first and the second with the sharp gradation, creating the most variegated flora and fauna possible anywhere in the mountains. The fourth uniqueness is also a consequence of the first and the second and lies in the extremes of the climate which ranges from the tropical to the typical arctic type. And the fifth claim is its thin permanent population and relatively fewer travellers by virtue of its remote far-eastern Himalayan location.
To live in harmony with oneself and the environment is the wish of every human. However, in modem times greater physical and emotional demands are constantly placed upon many areas of life. More and more people suffer from physical and mental tension such as stress, anxiety, insomnia, and there is an imbalance in physical activity and proper exercise. This is why methods and techniques for the attainment and improvement of health, as well as physical, mental and spiritual harmony, are of great importance, and Yoga meets this requirement. The word “Yoga” originates from Sanskrit and means “to join, to unite”. Yoga exercises have a holistic effect and bring body, mind, consciousness and soul into a balance. In this way Yoga assists us in coping with everyday demands, problems and worries.
The exercise levels have been worked out in consultation with doctors and physiotherapists and can therefore — with observation of the stated rules and precautions—be practiced independently at home by anyone. “Yoga in Daily Life” is a holistic system, which means it takes into consideration not only the physical, but also the mental and spiritual aspects. Positive thinking, perseverance, discipline, orientation towards the Supreme, prayer as well as kindness and understanding form the way to SelfKnowledge and Self-Realisation.
How does television affect our lives? It can be very helpful to people who carefully choose the shows that they watch. Television can increase our knowledge of the outside world; there are high quality programmes that help us understand many fields of study, science, medicine, the different arts and so on. Moreover, television benefits very old people, who can’t leave the house, as well as patients in hospitals. It also offers non-native speakers the advantages of daily informal language practice. They can increase their vocabulary and practice listening.
On the other hand, there are several serious disadvantages of television, of course, it provides us with a pleasant way to relax and spend our free time, but in some countries, people watch television for an average of six hours or more a day. Many children stare at the TV screen for more hours a day than they spend on anything else, including studying and sleeping. It’s clear that TV has a powerful influence on their lives and that its influence is often negative.
Recent studies show that after only thirty seconds of television viewing, a person’s brain ‘relaxes’ the same way that it does just before the person falls asleep. Another effect of television on the human brain is that it seems to cause poor concentration. Children who view a lot of television can often concentrate on a subject for only fifteen to twenty minutes. They can pay attention only for the amount of time between commercials.
A reason why people at school read books is to please their teacher. The teacher has said that this, that, or the other is a good book, and that it is a sign of good taste to enjoy it. So, a number of boys and girls, anxious to please their teacher, get the book and read it. Two or three of them may genuinely like it, for their own sake, and be grateful to the teacher for putting it in their way. But many will not honestly like it, or will persuade themselves that they like it. And that does a great deal of harm. The people who cannot like the book run the risk of two things happening to them; either they are put off the idea of the booklet us suppose the book was David Copperfield-either they are put off the idea of classical novels, or they take a dislike to Dickens, and decide firmly never to waste their time on anything of the sort again; or they get a guilty conscience about the whole thing, they feel that they do not like what they ought to like and that therefore there is something wrong with them. They are quite mistaken, of course. There is nothing wrong with them. The mistake has all been on the teacher’s side. What has happened is that they have been shoved up against a book before they were ready for it. It is like giving a young child food only suitable for an adult. Result: indigestion, violent stomach-ache, and a rooted dislike of that article of food evermore.
Listening starts with hearing but goes beyond. Hearing, in other words is necessary but is not a sufficient condition for listening. Listening involves hearing with attention. Listening is a process that calls for concentration. While, listening, one should also be observant. In other words, listening has to do with the ears, as well as with the eyes and the mind. Listening is to be understood as the total process that involves hearing with attention, being observant and making interpretations. Good communication is essentially an interactive process. It calls for participation and involvement. It is quite often a dialogue rather than a monologue. It is necessary to be interested and also show or make it abundantly clear that one is interested in knowing what the other person has to say.
Good listening is an art that can be cultivated. It relates to skills that can be developed. A good listener knows the art of getting much more than what the speaker is trying to convey. He knows how to prompt, persuade but not to cut off or interrupt what the other person has to say. At times the speaker may or may not be coherent, articulate and well organised in his thoughts and expressions. He may have it in his mind and yet he may fail to marshal the right words while communicating his thought.
Education is the essential thing for our life, and it helps in the growth of human civilization. Education is necessary to understand the universe around us and convert it into something more beneficial. With the help of knowledge, we can develop a new perspective for our life. If people are educated, then they can know their responsibilities and rights quite well.
First of all, education gives the ability to read and write to anyone. A good education is extremely essential for everyone to grow and succeed in life. Education increases self-confidence and assists in developing the personality of a person. Education plays a big role in our life. Education is split into 3 parts such as primary education, secondary education, and higher secondary education. All these 3 divisions of education have their value and advantages. Primary education is the base of education for a person, secondary education paves the direction for further education and higher secondary education makes the future and the ultimate way of life.
Pollution is the intermixing of harmful substances known as pollutants with the natural environmental components. There are various forms of Pollution, like land pollution, water pollution, air pollution, and soil pollution. No matter which form of infection it is, it has dangerous impacts on our environment.
Pollution is the addition of unwanted substances into the environment that can damage our Earth. There are 4 main types of Pollution; water pollution, air pollution, soil pollution, and noise pollution. All kinds of Pollution are a result of careless activities by man. We dump waste directly into water bodies, which results in water pollution. Air pollution is caused when vehicles release smoke into the atmosphere and ma